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Guide to Legal Abbreviations and Citations

Abbreviations for Commonly Cited Secondary Sources

In the course of your legal research, you will often come across references to secondary sources, which can be useful in helping you understand the law and find relevant primary sources (i.e., cases, statutes, and regulations). Listed below are abbreviations for some of the more commonly cited types of secondary sources. For more information on how these sources can be useful and how to access them, consult the USC Law Library's guide Starting Points to Begin Your Legal Research.

AbbreviationName of Secondary Source
A.L.R., A.L.R.2d, A.L.R.3d, A.L.R.4th, A.L.R.5th, A.L.R.6th American Law Reports (first through sixth series)
A.L.R. Fed., A.L.R. Fed. 2d American Law Reports Federal (first and second series)
Am. Jur. 2d American Jurisprudence, 2d edition (current edition)
C.J.S. Corpus Juris Secundum
Cal. Jur. 3d California Jurisprudence, 3d edition (current edition)
L. Rev. (e.g., So. Cal. L. Rev.) Law Review (e.g., Southern California Law Review)
L.J. (e.g., Yale L.J.) Law Journal (e.g., Yale Law Journal)