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English Medieval Legal Documents Database

A Compilation of Published Sources from 600 to 1535

Court Records

The earliest surviving eyre roll dates from 1194, although evidence from the Pipe Rolls of the Exchequer suggests that the eyres were first held in the mid-1160's. By the late twelfth century the itinerant justices were required to keep records of all the judicial fines arising from the pleas held on their eyres, so that they could be collected by the sheriffs and rendered to the Exchequer. These records were written in abbreviated Latin. General eyres were suspended in 1294. The publication of these eyre rolls has been very scattered, often as fragments in larger publications. They are listed below, chronologically by eyre. For a more detailed treatment of the eyre system, see Meekings, Crown Pleas of the Wiltshire Eyre, 1249, which includes an extensive introduction on the functioning of the eyre in general, (Meekings, Cecil A. F., ed. Crown Pleas of the Wiltshire Eyre, 1249. Wiltshire Record Society Series, 16. Devizes: Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 1961 at pp.1-115) and his introduction in volume 1 of The 1235 Surrey Eyre. (Meekings, Cecil A. F., and David Crook, eds. The 1235 Surrey Eyre. 2 Vols. Guildford: Surrey Record Society, 1979, v.1)

Court Records